Taylor- The Archive and the Repertoire:
Performing Cultural Memory in the Americas.
Durham and London Duke University Press, 2003.
In her wonderful
new book, Diana Taylor, a distinguished professor of both Spanish and
Performance Studies, brings her areas of expertise into "conversation."
Performances, she argues, are vital "acts of transfer" that
transmit social knowledge, memory and a sense of identity in Latin/o American
(and by extension other) cultures. She writes, "I am not suggesting
that we merely extend our analytic practice to other 'Non-Western' areas.
Rather, what I propose here is a real engagement between two fields that
helps us rethink both." By working from the points of disconnection
between area and performance studies Taylor creates a new framework for
approaching performance as embodied social practice.
Shifting focus to "the live" requires new methodologies and
Taylor creates exciting new theoretical tools to further this discussion.
Since, in her view, much performance writing betrays the "embodiedness"
it seeks to describe; Taylor coins terms that do not derive from literary
sources. The repertoire of her title is her term for a "non-archival
system of transfer" that can capture the ephemeral trace of performance.
By providing her reader with a kind of archive of affect, Taylor makes
the body central. She argues that the repertoire "allows for an alternative
perspective on historical processes
by following traditions of embodied
practice" instead of literary rhetoric. As an alternative to "narrative"
she offers scenario, a term with a theatrical genealogy, meaning an open-ended
" sketch or outline" as a way to connote colonial encounters.
For example, Taylor wittily names the scenario in which we are encouraged
to "overlook the displacement and disappearance of native peoples"
at the root of the popular show Survivor, "Fantasy Island."
Taylor expands on this theme in her second chapter, Scenarios of Discovery:
Reflections on Performance and Ethnography. She writes, "Using scenario
as a paradigm for understanding social structures and behaviors might
allow us to draw from the repertoire as well as the archive."
terms as "portable frameworks" and moving in and out of first
person experience, Taylor explores a range of hemispheric performances.
Chapters on the Mexican mestizaje, campy Latino American psychic Walter
Mercado, and the ways that minority populations mourned Princess Diana,
explore the hybrid spaces between perception and embodied culture. Taylor
revisits the Argentinean "Dirty War"
(the topic of her book Disappearing Acts) in her chapter on H.I.J.O.S.
-the children of the disappeared- and the "DNA of performance"
that links them with their absent parents. Chapters on Brazilian performance
artist Denise Stoklos, witnessing 9/11 and a 1998 Central Park performance
of Rumba musicians interrupted by the NYPD, investigate the complex relations
between hegemonic power and the anarchic spirit of live performance against
a background of historic violence.
is a path-making piece of scholarship that recognizes performance as a
valid focus of analysis. It creates a dialogue between area and performance
studies that values the unique features of both. The questions Diana Taylor
asks in Archive and the Repertoire extend beyond this work and will shape
a terrain of inquiry in performance studies for years to come.
Taylor is Professor of Performance Studies and Spanish at NYU. She is
the author of Theatre of Crisis: Drama and Politics in Latin America (1991),
which won the Best Book Award given by New England Council on Latin American
Studies and Honorable Mention in the Joe E.Callaway Prize for the Best
Book on Drama, and of Disappearing Acts: Spectacles of Gender and Nationalism
in Argentina's 'Dirty War' (Duke University Press, 1997), and the forthcoming,
The Archive and the Repertoire: Performing Cultural Memory in the Americas
(Duke University Press, 2003). She co-edited Holy Terrors: Latin American
Women Performance (Women and Performance, 2001), Defiant Acts/Actos Desafiantes:
Four Plays by Diana Raznovich, (Bucknell University Press, 2002), Negotiating
Performance in Latin/o America: Gender, Sexuality and Theatricality,(Duke
University Press, 1994), and The Politics of Motherhood: Activists from
Left to Right (University Press of New England, 1997). She has edited
five volumes of critical essays on Latin American, Latino, and Spanish
playwrights. Her articles on Latin American and Latino performance have
appeared in The Drama Review, Theatre Journal, Performing Arts Journal,
Latin American Theatre Review, Estreno, Gestos, Signs, MLQ and other scholarly
journals. She is founding Director of the Hemispheric Institute of Performance
and Politics, funded by the Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation.
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